Found in Senegal, Gambia and Guinea Bisau all in West Africathe akoting is believed to have given birth to the modern-day banjo. According to oral history, the birthplace of the instrument is the village of Kanjanka in Senegal. It has a skin-headed gourd body, with two long melody strings and one drone string.
10 Instruments You Didn't Know Were From Africa
Part of the idiophone family, although used globally, a large number of these instruments originates from Africa and are known by different names, such as agidigbo, kisanji, sanza, and the Caribbean marimbula.
Recorded in written history as early as the 16th century, variants of these instruments are also found in Siberia. The marimbulla variant is sometimes also used in hip-hop music. It is extensively used in western and eastern Africa. There are several versions of it across Africa, like the lute, ngoni, gonje and more. Played like the xylophone, the balafon is a percussion instrument and can be found in GhanaIvory Coast, Mali, and Burkina Faso.
It has been in recorded history since the 14th century and according to oral history told by griots the instrument originated from Mali. Also an idiophone, variants of these drums can be found in Zaire alimbaIgbo ekweCongo mukoku or lokole and the Guinea krin or kolokos. Basically a clay water jug with an extra hole in it, the udu is a centuries-old instrument played by the Igbo women of southeastern Nigeria.
When the player hits it with their palm or fingers, it produces a liquidy, water droplet sound. The body is covered in leather and, unlike the Iranian sorna, double reed woodwind made of grassthe algaita has four finger-holes instead of seven.
The marimba is a set of wooden bars struck with mallets to produce notes. It was introduced to Central America inand in it was declared the national instrument of Guatemala.
A goblet-shaped drum, covered with skin and tuned by ropes, the djembe originates from West Africa, and has been traced to the Mandinka caste of blacksmiths known as the Numu.
Originally from West Africa and known as shekere, this percussion instrument is usually a gourd, either filled with beads, seeds or stones axatseor covered by stringed beads shekere. When shaken or slapped, it produces a variety of musical effects. Select currency. Africa Music. Africa is musicand her musical instruments are used all over the world to produce sounds that are unique to the continent.
From the green belts of the Serengeti to the Sahara desert, there are instruments that have been used for centuries before colonization Trans-Atlantic and Trans-Saharan. The following are some instruments that are still in use in their original and modernized forms that you might not know are from Africa.
Read Next. Music 10 Taiwanese Musical Instruments. Music 10 Obscure Chinese Musical Instruments.When it comes to musical instruments, the African continent is well-known for its vast instruments. There are very many tribes or ethnic communities in Africa. Each tribe will have its own unique instruments. This has led to very many types of instruments which comprises of wind, stringed and also percussion.
The following is a list of the 10 most popular African musical instruments, here goes the list. See Also: Top 10 African Music. The Kora probably stands out as one of the most famous stringed instruments. The design of the instruments is almost similar to that of a guitar.
Also referred to as a thumb piano, the Kalimba consists of strips placed on a resonator. The strips come in varied lengths. A sound is produced by plucking the ends of the flexible strips.
The original Kalimba was made from bamboo strips. However, modern instruments come with metal strips. The resonator is made from wood. It is popularly found in west and central Africa. The talking drum is probably the most known drum from Africa.
It is an hour-shaped drum that is usually placed under the arm. To vary the pitch or sound, the player presses or squeezes the narrow edge. The Balafon resembles the xylophone or African Marimba. It is made from wooden planks that are loosely bound by a string and placed over large gourds.
The Shekere is one of the most famous shakers in Africa.
10 Most Popular African Musical Instruments
The instrument consists of closely woven beads that form a net. The net is placed around a gourd.Musical instruments in Africa are not only used for making music, they are also used to communicate to both man and spirit, translating and emitting daily experiences and events.
They serve a variety of roles: some may be confined to religious or ceremonial occasions, others are used in a more secular fashion for entertainment.
There may be restrictions to the age, gender or social status of the player. The instruments range in size and complexity from hand-held objects to large, elaborate devices constructed of many parts and, even today, they are mostly crafted from natural materials using age-old methods.
Most widely spread and played instruments in Africa are the drum, the xylophone, the mbira, rattles and shakers. The one-string musical bow, played all over the continent but now nearly abandoned, was once responsible for all the vocal scales that are used today in African music. Historical influences and migratory movement of peoples have defined both the style of music and the type of instruments played in the various regions.
Most notable is the influence of Islamic and Arabic musical traditions into the northern and western African countries. There are 4 main categories of instruments plus percussion:. Idiophones activated and self-sounding, resonant solids are divided into:. Made from forged iron, the double bell is gonged with a wooden stick to make a deep resonating sound, the basic skeleton of all orchestral music played in Togo, Ghana and Benin.
Bells and rattles have ritual or ceremonial functions as well as just for fun and play. Rattles and shakers are widely placed all over Africa and exist in a huge variety of shapes, sizes and materials, both natural and man-made Shakers or shekeres are filled with anything from dried seeds to maize kernels to fine pebbles and stones. They are primarily made from dried vine gourds.
African Traditional Musical Instruments Stock Photos
There are primary and secondary shakers. Primary are hand held and secondary are worn on various parts off the body like wrists, ankles and are activated by the performers. They can also be strapped to their instruments to make extra sounds or act as modifiers. Sounds are generated by plucking flexible, tuned tongues of metal, wood, cane or other material attached at one end to a small board or mounted on a resonator such as a box, gourd or tin and plucked with the thumbs or fingers.
Simple manual mbiras have keys but they can go up to 36 keys. These instruments are usually played by men and boys but increasingly so by females.
A typical one consists of between 22 and 28 keys constructed from metal and affixed to a hardwood soundboard in 3 different registers, 2 on the left and 1 on the right.
It is played with an instrument akin to the mbira but with lesser keys in its notes. Xylophones are generally a box shape with keys mounted over a wooden frame and gourd resonators suspended underneath. The frame can be low to the ground or mounted on legs. The gourds are graduated in size in relation to the pitch required of the wooden slabs. Some xylophones like the Amadinda do not have resonators. Its year old legacy is being kept and preserved by the Kouyate family in a village in Guinea, reminding the Mande people of their glorious past.
With 14 wooden slats it is played by just about every male in the community to some degree of competence. However the main musician will spend a lifetime composing and perfecting his play before he is considered worthwhile of addressing the ancestral spirits. Chordophones stringed instruments include.Other talking drums of conical or tubular construction exist around Africa, but they are rather known by their particular names instead of the term "talking drum".
The Beauty Of Nigeria. Search this site. Musical instruments. Playing the Ekwe. The Udu is an African drum originated by the Igbo people of Nigeria. In the Igbo language, Udu means vessel. Acutally being a water jug with an additional hole, it was played by women for ceremonial uses. Usually the Udu is made of clay.
The instrument is played by hand and produces a special and unique bass sound by quickly hitting the big hole. Furthermore, the wholw corpus can be played with finger. Today it is widely used by percussionists in different music styles. The instrument is both an aerophone and an idiophone. The ekwe is made out of wood and most commonly a tree trunk.
The ekwe comes in a variety of sizes and designs and each size is determined by the purpose it is being used for. An ekwe can be used for traditional cultural events, or it can be used for music.
The ekwe's rhythm gives different rhythms from celebration to emergencies. The djembe, also known as jembe, jenbe, djibobimbe, jymbe, yembe or jimbay is a skin covered drum meant to be played with bare hands. According to the Bamana people in Mali, the name of the djembe comes directly from the saying that translates to mean "everyone gather together in peace" and defines the drum's purpose.
In the Bamana language, "dje" is the verb for "gather" and "be" translates as peace. It is a member of the membranophone family of musical instruments: a frame or a shell wood shell in the case of the djembe covered by a membrane or a drumhead mad of rawhide or some other material.
As a result of its unique shape,a wide range of sounds can be produced by the Djembe. Gangan talking drum. The sekere is of a pleasant sight.Lost your password?
Please enter your email address. You will receive a link and will create a new password via email. Register to become part of this blog, when you register you can ask questions and also be able to comment on questions from other. Together, we will make this work. This is a comprehensive article on the different kinds of musical instruments that is being used in Nigeria.
If you are hoping to see some of the instruments used for music in Nigeria, then you are at the right place and welcome once again to the site — Total-Facts-About-Nigeria. This service is strictly for Nigerians, it allows you the opportunity of creating a fantastic business page for your Nigeria business, it is some sort of free online advertising for Nigeria businesses. There are several Nigerian Instruments for music, several of which are locally made and operated mostly by Nigerians who are very good at playing them.
Many of the instruments which originated from Nigeria are already gaining wide and international acceptance, they are already being used all over the world for music… like the Talking drum. The ogene, one of the most relevant instrument of music in Nigeria is also widely used by the masquerades. Here is one of the first earliest instruments used for music in Nigeria, This is the multi purpose Ogene, which its use has of course minimized because of the advent of western instruments.
There is scarcely any town without an Ogene in the Early Nineties Because like I said, it Is used by the town crier to disseminate information and it is used for several other traditional music, Palm wine Music and several others. This is the Nigeria flute used for music, Although several of these instruments were used in the early nineties, they were an integral part of the life of the Nigeria People, the flute is one of Nigeria instruments used for solo music. It is used to make emotional music, the saxophone is gradually taking the place of the flute in the field of music The flute is a wind instrument, a sound is made by blowing air into it and controlling the air outlet with the fingers Several years back in the village we fight to get a turn to play this instrument, then is was the most popular and loudest musical instrument we had.
The Ekwe as it is fondly called is used in prayer houses for the making of music, It is a simple carved wood that produces different sounds and it is also used to gather the elders…to call a meeting…the sound of the ekwe early in the morning is a notice that the king wants to meet with the villagers. There are several other musical instruments used for music in Nigeria, There are over a hundred different Nigerian instruments as different parts of the country deal on different instruments.
The Hausa use instruments like the talking drum, armpit drum, and ivory horn. Although the Western instruments have not fully taken over the Nigerian musical scenes, it has gained plausible space in Nigeria music industries. Nigeria high life, reggae, hip hop, and several genres of music played in Nigeria now make use of western instruments. These are the few of the Nigerian Instruments, many of them are not listed here.
Hopefully, many more will be added to this page if and when they get discovered by me. Register Now.
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This service is strictly for Nigerians, it allows you the opportunity of creating a fantastic business page for your Nigeria business, it is some sort of free online advertising for Nigeria businesses There are several Nigerian Instruments for music, several of which are locally made and operated mostly by Nigerians who are very good at playing them.
The ogene, one of the most relevant instrument of music in Nigeria is also widely used by the masquerades Here is one of the first earliest instruments used for music in Nigeria, This is the multi purpose Ogene, which its use has of course minimized because of the advent of western instruments There is scarcely any town without an Ogene in the Early Nineties Because like I said, it Is used by the town crier to disseminate information and it is used for several other traditional music, Palm wine Music and several others.
This is the Nigeria flute used for music, Although several of these instruments were used in the early nineties, they were an integral part of the life of the Nigeria People, the flute is one of Nigeria instruments used for solo music It is used to make emotional music, the saxophone is gradually taking the place of the flute in the field of music The flute is a wind instrument, a sound is made by blowing air into it and controlling the air outlet with the fingers Several years back in the village we fight to get a turn to play this instrument, then is was the most popular and loudest musical instrument we had.
Nigeria high life, reggae, hip hop, and several genres of music played in Nigeria now make use of western instruments Nigeria guitersdrums Piano These are the few of the Nigerian Instruments, many of them are not listed here. Comments 2. Aniedoabasi Blessing Umana. Leave a reply. Click here to cancel reply. Leave this field empty. Link Text. Open link in a new tab. No search term specified.Filter search results.
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Most relevant Best selling Latest uploads Within Results. People Reset. No People. Only with people. Gender Any Male Female. African American. Pricing Reset. License Reset. Media Properties. Image Orientation Reset. Color Composition Any Color Monochrome. Contributor Reset.Music is described as a combination of vocal or instrumental sounds or tones in varying melody, harmony, rhythm and timbre to form structurally complete and emotionally expressive compositions.
It is the art of producing tones or sounds in harmonious succession. Music is a part of the Nigerian culture and that of Africa as a whole. Music has always had its place in the lives of the peoples of various ethnic groups of Nigeria. It is the food of the soul that provides a sort of tolerated tonic that soothes the heart — aching and troubled mind.
That means, whenever King Saul fell into a frenzy, David the son of Jesse was always there to play some soul-lifting and spirit-rejuvenating melodious music to ward off the evil spirit.
Music is a refresher tonic to the troubled mind and the hurting; a spiritual appetizer, and an antidote to melancholic condition. Music drives away anger, discouragement and frustration, and replaces same with happiness, joy and encouragement. Indeed, music rather serves to alleviate suffering and drudgery. It energizes the warriors for action in the battle fields.
Even in the sporting activities, music plays a significant role as well as traditional ceremonies of historically notable events in the country.
Take for example, the Argugun festival. During this colourful festival, drummers are usually employed to beat drums, as the professional fisher men and women engage themselves in the competitive catch.
Music also helps to dramatise vast human experiences such as joy: birth, naming, and marriage, and sadness: death, social conflicts and trials of life. In fact, it promotes social entertainment and plays an important function in ceremonial occasions like the installation ceremony of a local chief.
Dances always go together with music, played from the musical instruments while the musicians are energetically but rhythmly and sonorously playing their harps, rattles and flutes the dancers, gaily dressed in their special colourful dresses or scanty costumes are at the same time vigorously and flexibly dancing in total unison.
Even the spectators are not exempted. They enjoy the pulsating musical beat, and dance steps. To all and sundry, it is a dance galore!!! People drum at different occasions, during peace or war times. All drums have names.
Each ethnic group of Nigeria has certain drums that are peculiar and unique to each of them. Talking drum is typical of such. It is common among the various ethnic groups of Nigeria. The talking drum speaks without tongue and its audience hears and understand the message content without any hearing impairment.